PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES: Test Anxiety
Identify which perspective is being used. Justify your answer.Select the BEST answer from the following choices:
1. "Why do my hands sweat during an exam?"
Test anxiety includes a variety of responses including sweaty palms, increased heart rate, dry mouth, and tense muscles. One way to reduce stress is through relaxing the body, e.g., taking a couple of slow deep breaths before answering a difficult question..
2." What happens if I worry too much?"
Excessive worry interferes with the ability to understand the material or to identify what knowledge is needed to answer a question. If you interpret "worrying about a test" as a signal to study, you"ll perform better than students who channel their worrying into complaining. If you overlearn the material, you come to the test saying to yourself, "I am confident about this test. I studied a lot and know the material."
3. "How can I channel worrying into studying more?"
One method is to start a system of self-management where you 1)use one place exclusively for studying; 2)reward yourself for studying; 3)keep a record of your study time. You can change your behavior by observing your behavior, and rewarding yourself when you perform desirable actions.
4. "Are there different reasons for wanting to perform well on a test?"
Your main motivation for studying hard might be to make your parents proud. If you got poor grades, your parents would be disappointed, or your friends might think badly of you. Or your main motivation to study hard might be to gain a sense of personal achievement and, ultimately, a job that pays well, rather than being a "loser." These different motivations respectively describe a Collectivist orientation or an Individual-centered orientation, and originate from your community values.
5. "Why do I procrastinate? "
You might say that you procrastinate because you lack confidence, feel pessimistic about completing tasks, or are poor at time management. However, you might not be aware of the real reason for procrastination. Waiting to the last minute to study might be a result of unconscious reasons, or an ingrained personality characteristic. If so, strategies to eliminate procrastination might rely on uncovering and resolving an underlying conflict, or restructuring the personality.